Logistics hub to make goods run more smoothly

  • Date: Dec 04, 2019
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By 2020, China will lay out and build about 30 national logistics hubs——

Logistics hub, making goods run more smoothly

“Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai parcel post”, “fresh food next day”, “cross province next day” – today, the speed of China’s express transportation is constantly refreshing. This is not only express little brother “fast forward” ran out, but also depends on the developed logistics network behind.

Recently, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of transport jointly issued the notice on doing well in the construction of national logistics hub in 2019 (hereinafter referred to as the notice), confirming that the first batch of 23 logistics hubs were selected into the list of national logistics hub construction, and at the same time, it was clear that about 30 national logistics hubs would be constructed by 2020.

What role will national logistics hub play? What changes will it bring to production and life? What are the characteristics of the first 23 selected hubs?

Reduce cost and improve efficiency for Logistics

What is the “national logistics hub”?

According to the introduction, the logistics hub is a logistics facility group and logistics activity organization center that centralizes the distribution, storage, distribution, transfer and other functions of goods, while the national logistics hub is the core infrastructure of the logistics system, a comprehensive logistics hub that radiates a wider region, has stronger agglomeration effect, better service function and higher operation efficiency, and plays a role in the national logistics network The role of key nodes, important platforms and backbone hubs.

In recent years, China’s logistics industry has developed rapidly, and a number of hubs have been formed around the north and south. However, to support the logistics industry to a higher level, there are still many deficiencies in these logistics hubs.

“Post-90s” express brother Xiao Zhao is from Yiwu, Zhejiang Province. He has been engaged in the logistics industry in his hometown for 7 years. His daily work is to collect and deliver Yiwu small commodities to all parts of the country. “Yiwu is the” capital of small commodities in the world “. The commodities here are of good quality and low price. There are many people who depend on import and export trade to eat. They walk around the street. There are more foreigners than Chinese, and the logistics industry is particularly developed.” Introduction to Xiao Zhao. However, in Xiao Zhao’s view, although Yiwu is already a logistics hub with considerable scale and international popularity, there are always problems such as the logistics infrastructure is not up-to-date and the efficiency needs to be improved. “The roads are congested, the environment is dirty, and the purchase and delivery are not so orderly.” Xiao Zhao said.

The feeling of logistics enterprises is more obvious. Li Jingquan, chief engineer of China storage Nanjing Intelligent Logistics Technology Co., Ltd., said that the logistics industry still faces the situation of “small scattered and poor”, low efficiency of transportation resources utilization and high logistics cost of enterprises. “There is a mismatch between supply and demand in the logistics industry, which leads to a great waste.” Li said.

The planning and construction of the national logistics hub is just to resolve such contradictions and improve the overall efficiency of the logistics industry. “The national logistics hub is a catalyst for the coordination of transportation and industry, a binder for the seamless connection of various modes of transportation, and an accelerator for the intensive integration of logistics resources.” The head of the comprehensive planning department of the Ministry of transport said.

It is understood that the construction of national logistics hub will be implemented in three stages. 2019-2020 is the initial stage of construction. By 2020, there will be about 30 national logistics hubs with strong radiation driving capacity, high level of modern operation and close interconnection. 2021-2025 is the stage of accelerated construction. By 2025, there will be about 150 national logistics hubs, and 2026-2035 will be the comprehensive promotion At this stage, a national logistics hub network is basically formed to adapt to the modern economic system.

23 logistics hubs were selected as the first batch

23 places selected as the first batch of national logistics hub have attracted wide attention.

Why are these 23? What are the characteristics? The head of the economic and Trade Department of the national development and Reform Commission said: “the first batch of national logistics hubs are generally balanced in regional and type distribution.”

In terms of regional distribution, there are 10 in the East, 5 in the middle, 7 in the west, 1 in the northeast, and 23 logistics hubs covering the East, middle and west of China. Yang Xuefu, a semi-trailer truck driver, has been traveling around logistics hubs for many years. He found that 12 hubs in the list are located in the central and western regions. “The logistics in the central and western regions mainly rely on road freight. The state attaches great importance to the construction of logistics hubs in the central and western regions, which is good for the driver group.” Mr. Wang, a citizen of Yingkou, is very proud to see his hometown selected as the only northeastern city on the list. “We were an important seaport in Northeast China a hundred years ago, which developed earlier than Dalian. Now we are the distribution center of” North Grain South transportation “. In this election, the central and provincial governments will definitely increase capital investment and upgrade the existing road network infrastructure in Yingkou, so that the lives of ordinary citizens will also be improved. ”

Look at the type distribution – 23 hubs cover six types: land port type, port type, airport type, production service type, business service type and land border port type. Among them, port type and land port type have the largest number, 9 and 8 respectively. Among the port type national logistics hubs, there are not only shipping ports such as Tianjin and Zhoushan, but also inland shipping ports such as Nanjing and Chongqing. The land port type national logistics hub covers several important provincial capitals in the central and western regions. What attracts people’s attention is the logistics hub specialized in production and commerce. Xiaozhao is very excited about Yiwu’s selection as a national logistics hub for business and service. In his opinion, Yiwu is the only county-level administrative region on the list. As a national well-known small commodity wholesale and distribution center, this selection will bring more opportunities to local economic development, and also directly benefit logistics practitioners like him.

Look at the natural endowment of the hub itself – there are emerging cities such as Yingkou, Linyi and Ganzhou, developed cities such as Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou, and land border ports such as Erenhot. “Erlianhot is the first batch of the only port cities selected as the national logistics hub. Places like Horgos and Pingxiang, which were popular before, have not been selected this time.” Old Xu, a Beijing native who has been engaged in border trade between China, Russia and Mongolia for many years in Erlianhot, Manchuria and other places in Inner Mongolia, saw that Erlianhot was selected this time, and he was keen to catch the breath of new opportunities. “The railways in Mongolia, Russia and other countries are wide gauge railways. When trains enter or leave the country, they need to change tracks here. On the one hand, it increases costs, on the other hand, it brings opportunities for local development.” Mr. Xu said that he was not only engaged in border trade business, but also engaged in warehousing, transportation and other related industries. He hoped that “with the policy, if a container logistics park can be built here in the future, it will produce good economic benefits.”

Not only circulation center, but also commercial center

How to build the national logistics hub network?

Reporters learned that after the list was released, the first batch of selected cities are preparing to show their skills.

Taking Tianjin port type national logistics hub as an example, facing the new positioning, Tianjin proposes to make efforts in many aspects to promote the port transformation and upgrading. Specifically, focusing on container, commercial vehicle roll on roll off and cruise transportation, improving the function of shipping center and adjusting the transportation structure; focusing on promoting the “public to rail” transportation of bulk cargo, continuously improving the comprehensive transportation network of the port, actively promoting the construction of railway facilities in the port, reducing the volume of road transportation and substantially increasing the proportion of railway transportation; optimizing the road traffic organization of the port city Gradually form the port channel layout of port city separation, passenger and freight distribution and corridor combination. The goal of Tianjin is to take the construction of national logistics hub as the starting point, so that Tianjin port will become a world-class international hub port and “one belt and one road” shipping resource allocation center, a world-class intelligent port and green port by 2035.

Chen Fangjian, a researcher of Hubei Institute of material circulation technology, believes that on the basis of determining 23 national logistics hubs, we should reasonably plan the network system of logistics infrastructure, build comprehensive logistics hub facilities with multimodal transport function that can support regional economic development, improve the matching and compatibility between existing logistics infrastructure, and form an efficient, smooth and convenient logistics hub Total logistics transportation network. The logistics hub not only focuses on the sound function of itself and the concentration of goods, but also connects each other and integrates into a network.

The front-line logistics personnel pay more attention to whether the cost can actually be reduced. Yang Xuefu said that many large-scale logistics hub supporting facilities are insufficient and the charges are high. “Some facilities are very beautiful and high-end, but drivers can’t afford to use them. The more large-scale logistics hub, the more parking space and unloading, mobilization, loading and unloading, dismantling trailer, all of which cost more. ” According to the layout and construction plan of national logistics hub, it is necessary to vigorously develop multimodal transport and trailer transportation, improve the ratio of trailers (that is, the ratio of the number of tractors to trailers), especially “support the national logistics hub with conditions to establish a ‘public Trailer pool’, develop Trailer transportation and pilot roll on roll off transportation” Yang Xuefu hopes that this measure can be implemented as soon as possible, so that his long-distance Trailer drivers really benefit.

Wang Jixiang, vice president of China Association of logistics technology, pointed out that the development of logistics hub is the most taboo to all kinds of “flow” in the hub, which can not irrigate the local economic and social ecosystem, so that the hub area is only the center of goods circulation, rather than the business center and industrial center. “Through the large network, large channel, whole chain and new mode, in accordance with the industrial factor aggregation, industrial chain cultivation, industrial system service and the guidance of national industrial policy, we should orderly promote the economic factors to have destination and radiation at specific points, and finally form an aggregation of scale economic development mode.” Wang Jixiang said.

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